This three bean chili recipe (vegan) tastes more complex than most. Why? It contains homemade chili paste made with dried chiles. It also includes fresh peppers and other full of flavor ingredients. As a bonus, it’s pretty darn easy to throw together, even on a work night 🙂
I buy organic dried chile peppers (and dried mushrooms) from Terra Dolce; my husband also grows one or two varieties each year in our garden. For this recipe, feel free to use whatever medley of dried chiles you have available. The idea is to choose a variety, so the result is complex but not overly spicy.
Each type of chile pepper contains it’s own unique combination of characteristics; they can be hot, medium, or mild – earthy, chocolatey, smokey, fruity, and even raisin-like. You can’t get this complexity just using dried ground spices. If you haven’t tried chili made with homemade fresh paste, you’re in for a real treat!
Chile Capsaicin Scoville Scale
Capsaicin gives peppers their pungency (heat) and also contains health properties. It is anti-inflammatory, controls insulin sensitivity, blood glucose levels, and more.
Chile peppers contain various levels of capsaicin; these levels are measured in Scoville heat units (SHU) on what is called the Scoville scale. The table below describes the heat and flavor profiles for the chile peppers suggested for this recipe. If you make substitutions, try to use chiles with an overall similar profile.
|CHILES||SCOVILLE HEAT UNITS||FLAVOR PROFILE|
|Bird’s Eye||50,000 to 100,000|
hot and fruity
|Cayenne||30,000 to 50,000|
neutral hot flavor
(for this recipe I use either bird’s eye OR cayenne)
|Chipotle||2,500 to 8,000|
smokey and earthy with hint of sweet
|Jalapeños||2,500 to 8,000||jalapeños are bright and pungent;|
chipotle and jalapeño are the same pepper
(chipotles are dried and jalapeños are fresh)
|Pasilla||1,000 to 2,500||rich, earthy,|
semi-sweet raisiny flavor
with hint of chocolate
|Poblano||1,000 to 1,500||fresh green poblanos are mild|
and a bit earthy;
fresh red poblanos contain more heat
|New Mexico||800 to 1,400||earthy, sweet,|
with hints of dried cherries and sage
- Pan toast/reconstitute dried chiles and porcini mushroom; make paste
- Flame roast poblano peppers
- Briefly saute vegetables, herbs, spices
- Simmer all of the ingredients together
Chili Recipe (Vegan) with Complex Flavors
- gloves for handling the dried and fresh chile peppers
- large stainless steel or cast iron skillet with lid
- soup pot or Dutch oven
- high-speed blender
Chili paste ingredients
- 1 or 2 dried bird's eye chiles (or 1 dried cayenne)
- 2 dried pasilla chiles
- 4 dried New Mexico chiles
- 4 dried chipotle chiles
- 2 or 3 pieces of dried porcini mushrooms
- 1 teaspoon unsweetened cacao powder or cocoa powder, optional
- 1 Tablespoon coconut aminos
- 3 fresh poblano peppers
- 2 Tablespoons olive oil
- 2 large onions, diced
- 6 cloves garlic, diced
- 3 fresh jalapeño peppers; remove stems and seeds, then dice
- 1/2 teaspoon ground coriander
- 1 teaspoon dried oregano
- 1 teaspoon ancho chile powder
- 1 Tablespoon cumin powder
- 3 Tablespoons tomato paste
- 28-ounces (approximately) chopped tomatoes; fresh, jarred, or canned
- 3 cups low-sodium vegetable broth
- 1 (1-inch) square of dried kombu
- 1 (15-ounce) can unsalted black beans with liquid
- 1 (15-ounce) can unsalted cannellini beans, rinsed and drained
- 1 (15-ounce) can unsalted red kidney beans, rinsed and drained
- 1/2 cup chopped cilantro
- I suggest wearing kitchen gloves when working with the dried and fresh chile peppers to protect your hands from the capsaicin; don't touch your face or eyes. Wash your hands with soap and water afterwards.
- Remove all of the stems and seeds from the dried chile peppers. Cut or tear them into medium-sized pieces.Put the pieces into a large stainless steel or cast iron skillet over medium-high heat. Dry toast for about 3 minutes or until the chiles become fragrant; do not burn.Slowly pour just enough water into the pan so the chile peppers are submerged; add the porcini mushrooms. Bring to a simmer, cover the pan, and remove from the heat. Set aside while you continue with the recipe.
- Roast whole poblanos over the flame of your gas stove or gas grill. Alternatively, roast them under your broiler.Steam the roasted poblanos between two plates for 5 to 10 minutes – then peel off most of the charred skins; cut into bite-sized pieces. I created another post that details the processes of roasting, steaming, and peeling poblanos.
- Heat the oil in a soup pot or Dutch oven over medium-high heat with a bit of the onion. When the onion begins to sizzle, add the rest of the onion and sauté for about 5 minutes, stirring often.Add the garlic, poblanos, and jalapeño peppers. Stir and cook for a few more minutes.Add the coriander, oregano, ancho chile powder, cumin, and tomato paste. Cook, while stirring for another minute.
- Stir in the chopped tomatoes, veggie broth, and kombu. Add the black beans, cannellini beans, and kidney beans. Bring to a simmer.
- Now it's time to finish making the chili paste. Put the chiles, porcini mushrooms, and their soaking liquid into a high-speed blender. Add the cacao/cocoa powder, and coconut aminos. Blend on high for about one minute, or until hot and steamy.
- Measure 1-1/2 cups of the homemade chile paste and stir it into the pot of chile (refrigerate the rest of the paste to be used in another recipe).Simmer the chile, uncovered, for about an hour or until it is at your desired consistency. Taste and adjust seasonings and/or add salt if desired.
- Before serving, remove and discard the kombu. Garnish each bowl with chopped cilantro.
- lime wedges
- dollops of plant-based sour cream or yogurt
- chopped chives or scallions
- sliced jalapeños
- When serving, add bits of cooked beef or venison to the omnivore portions
- Garnish with shredded Monterey jack cheese or cheddar cheese
- Dollop with sour cream or yogurt made from cow’s milk